A Professional's Guide to Systems Analysis, Second Edition
by Martin Modell
McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, NY; 1996

Author's Note: This book is currently out of print. It is reproduced here from the author's original manuscript and does not reflect the editing and revisions by the publisher - McGraw-Hill. The illustrations have been been scanned from a published copy of the book. This electronic version and its illustrations are copyright to both McGraw-Hill and the author Martin Modell, and as such may not be copied or reproduced in any manner. This text is posted for and its contents may be used for educational purposes - limited portions may be cited. Any portions of the content thus cited must contain the copyright information to be found at the bottom of each chapter and at the bottom of this page

Table of Contents

Part I - Tools and Techniques

Part II - Analysis

Part III - Validation

Part IV - Analysis Issues

Part V - Applications

Laws of Project Management

  1. No major project is ever installed on time, within budget, with the same staff that started it. Yours will not be the first.
  2. Projects progress quickly until they become 90 percent complete; they then remain at 90 percent complete forever.
  3. One advantage of fuzzy project objectives is that they let you avoid the embarrassment of estimating the corresponding costs.
    1. When things are going well, something will go wrong.
    2. When things just can't get any worse, they will.
    3. When things appear to be going better, you have overlooked something.
  4. If project content is allowed to change freely, the rate of change will exceed the rate of progress.
  5. No system is ever completely debugged: Attempts to debug a system inevitably introduce new bugs that are even harder to find.
  6. A carelessly planned project will take three times longer to complete than expected, a carefully planned project will take only twice as long.
  7. Project teams detest progress reporting because it vividly manifests their lack of progress.


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A Professional's Guide to Systems Analysis, Second Edition
Written by Martin E. Modell
Copyright © 2007 Martin E. Modell
All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a data base or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the author.